Select Page

M21-1, Part III, Subpart vi, Chapter 4, Section C – Development of Philippine Cases

Overview


In This Section

This section contains the following topics:
Topic
Topic Name
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

1.  Acceptable Evidence in Philippine Claims


Change Date

February 5, 2016

III.vi.4.C.1.a.  Acceptable Evidence

Mimeographed, photocopied, or printed forms of affidavits, other than those on standard government forms, are acceptable as evidence in support of Philippine claims if the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is satisfied that the copies are genuine and free from alteration.

2.   Considering Dependency in Philippine Claims


Introduction

This topic contains information on considering dependency in Philippine cases, including

Change Date

March 13, 2019

III.vi.4.C.2.a.  Reviewing Dependency Claims

To claim dependents, the claimant must furnish original or genuine and unaltered copies of the following in all cases:
  • birth certificates
  • marriage certificates, or
  • divorce decrees.
Notes:
  • If the claimant submits genuine and unaltered copies, do not request original versions of the above documents.
  • Request additional evidence from the claimant to establish dependency when information contained in the claim and supporting documentation is insufficient.
  • Refer domestic relations questions that require legal opinions to the Office of General Counsel (OGC).
References:  For more information on

III.vi.4.C.2.b.  Considering Pension Received From PVAO as Income

Consider pension received from the Philippine Veterans Affairs Office (PVAO) as income in determining dependency for VA pension purposes.
When a spouse or child claimant states that he/she has applied for PVAO pension, the Manila Regional Office (RO) must request information on the amount of pension received and the beginning and ending dates of payment.
Note:  Service as a Regular Philippine Scout is the only Philippine service that entitles Veterans and dependents to pension.

III.vi.4.C.2.c.  Requesting a Field Examination to Establish Dependency

Request a field examination when the evidence submitted is so conflicting that personal contacts are required to explain the discrepancies and ascertain the facts.

III.vi.4.C.2.d. Reviewing Previous Dependency Determinations 

Review previous determinations of dependency only when
  • there is conflicting information to consider, or
  • one of the following is pending that involves a prior denial of a claim related to a determination of dependency:
    • legacy appeal
    • supplemental claim, or
    • request for a higher-level review.

III.vi.4.C.2.e.  Effective Dates of Dependency Awards When Entitlement Is Granted Following a Prior Denial

If, after the review referenced in M21-1, Part III, Subpart vi, 4.C.2.d, dependency may be established under existing criteria, prepare an award if otherwise in order.
Use the existing rules to determine the effective date of the award.
Note:  If entitlement is established solely by reason of changed criteria (38 CFR 3.114(a)) approved by the Secretary, do not make the effective date of the award prior to the date of the change.

 

3.  Correspondence With the Claimant, Philippine Embassy, and Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs


Introduction

This topic contains information on correspondence, including

Change Date

August 14, 2006

III.vi.4.C.3.a.  Corresponding With the Claimant

Use airmail, e-mail, or fax to correspond with claimants who reside in the Philippines.  Send letters directly to the claimant.

III.vi.4.C.3.b.  Replying to Correspondence Received From the Philippine Embassy

Follow the steps in the table below to reply to correspondence received directly from the Philippine Embassy.
Step
Action
1
Prepare replies over the signature of the RO Director.
2
Include the following statement in the replies:
The Philippine Embassy may be informed…
3
Send the reply to the following address:
Bureau of Consular Affairs
The Department of State
Washington, DC 20520
ATTENTION: Federal Benefits Section

III.vi.4.C.3.c.  Corresponding With the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs

When correspondence is received from the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs, the
  • Manila RO may reply directly to the originator, and
  • reply may be released locally as provided by U.S. Embassy, Manila, directives.
ROs other than the Manila RO must reply to correspondence received from the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs, Manila, by following the procedure inM21-1, Part III, Subpart vi, 4.C.3.b.

4.  Certification of Period of Service for Philippine Veterans


Introduction

This topic contains information on certification of period of service, including

Change Date

March 13, 2019

III.vi.4.C.4.a.  Acceptable Periods of Service for Philippine Cases

The following periods of service are acceptable for Philippine cases:
  • service with the Philippine Commonwealth Army on or after July 26, 1941, and prior to July 1, 1946, during which period that force was a part of the Army of the United States (AUS) by virtue of the military order of the President, dated July 26, 1941
  • service as a Regular Philippine Scout on or after December 7, 1941, but prior to October 6, 1945
  • service as a Special Philippine Scout on or after October 6, 1945, but prior to July 1, 1947
  • service with guerrilla groups prior to July 1, 1946, and
  • service as a Regular Philippine Scout or as a member of the Philippine Commonwealth Army for the period spent as a prisoner of war (POW) immediately following a period of active duty.
References:  For information on

III.vi.4.C.4.b. Active Service for Philippine Veterans Detained or Interned by the Enemy

Active service of a Regular Philippine Scout or a member of the Philippine Commonwealth Army serving with the Armed Forces of the United States will include time spent in a POW status immediately following a period of active duty, or a period of recognized guerrilla service or unrecognized guerrilla service under a recognized commissioned officer.

 


III.vi.4.C.4.c.  Definition:  Immediately Following a Period of Active Service

In VAOPGCPREC 14-1994, OGC held that the phrase immediately following a period of active service may be interpreted to refer to an event following closely after a period of active duty, directly related to that duty, and occurring before the Veteran performed activities not related to active military duty.
Below are examples of when the detention or interment referenced in M21-1, Part III, Subpart vi, 4.C.4.a and b, may have been so closely related to the period of active duty that it may be considered active service under 38 CFR 3.41(b):
  • Due to logistic factors, the Veteran may not have been physically detained or interned until a day or two after capitulation.
  • The Veteran may have left his unit and attempted to flee or hide in anticipation of the capitulation and was quickly detained or interned.
Note:  Activities that are not related to active military include returning to the civilian population and engaging in private pursuits.

III.vi.4.C.4.d.  When to Take Final Action on Philippine Claims

Take final action for an award, denial, or certification of pending legacy appeals on claims based on service in the Philippine Army only on the basis of certifications of service made by the Department of the Army on or after February 11, 1950.

III.vi.4.C.4.e.  When Recertifications of Service Are Required

Recertifications of service are required only for the 14th Infantry, AUS, cases.
Reference:  For information on eligibility of service in the 14th Infantry, AUS, seeM21-1, Part III, Subpart vi, 4.B.1.b.

III.vi.4.C.4.f.  When Recertifications of Service Are Not Required

Recertifications of service are not required for cases involving members of the Navy or Regular Philippine Scouts.

5.  Requesting Service, Medical, Death, and Loyalty Information in Philippine Claims


Introduction

This topic contains information on requesting service and loyalty information, including

Change Date

May 11, 2018

III.vi.4.C.5.a.  Verifying Philippine Service in the United States Armed Forces

For information on verifying service as a

III.vi.4.C.5.b.  When a Loyalty Check Is Not Required by ROs

Do not make a request for a loyalty check based on the possibility of loyalty board proceedings when no derogatory information is contained in a report previously prepared by the Adjutant General Records Depository, formerly known as the Recovered Personnel Division.

III.vi.4.C.5.c.  When a Loyalty Clearance Is Not Required by the Manila RO

In cases processed in the Manila RO, do not request a loyalty clearance when neither the Veteran’s nor claimant’s name appears in the microfilm file of loyalty board proceedings.

III.vi.4.C.5.d.  When a Loyalty Clearance Is Required

If claims are processed at ROs other than the Manila RO, a loyalty clearance must always be requested.
Important:  All claims involving Philippine Commonwealth Army service, regular guerrilla service, and Special Philippine Scout service must be processed only at the Manila RO.

III.vi.4.C.5.e.  How to Request a Loyalty Clearance

Follow the steps in the table below to request a loyalty clearance.
Step
Action
1
2
Refer the claim (to include the completed VA Form 21-4169) to the Manila RO for review of the microfilm index of loyalty status files.
References:  For more information on

III.vi.4.C.5.f.  Manila RO’s Review of the Microfilm Index

Upon receipt of a claim requiring a loyalty clearance, the Manila RO
  • conducts an index search to determine if the claimant previously forfeited entitlement or should be considered for forfeiture of benefits by reason of fraudulent action in another claim
  • annotates positive or negative search data, including any identifying numbers shown in the microfilm index, in the claims record, and
  • returns the claim to the requesting RO, if appropriate.

III.vi.4.C.5.g.  How to Request Loyalty Information

Follow the steps in the table below to request loyalty information.
Step
Action
1
Complete VA Form 21-3101, Request for Information.
Note:  Show any identifying numbers on the microfilm on the VA Form 21-3101 so that loyalty status files can be located without further search of the alphabetical index.
2
Use the procedures found in M21-1, Part III, Subpart ii, 4.G.2.b, to convert VA Form 21-3101 into a portable document format (PDF).
3
Is VA processing the corresponding claim in a paperless environment?
  • If yes,
    • upload the PDF version of VA Form 21-3101 to the electronic claims folder, and
    • proceed to the next step.
  • If no,
    • print a copy of VA Form 21-3101 for placement in the paper claims folder, and
    • proceed to the next step.
4
Use the Safe Access File Exchange (SAFE) to upload and transmit the PDF version of VA Form 21-3101 to the Washington National Records Center.
Reference:  For more information on obtaining loyalty information, see M21-1, Part III, Subpart iii, 1.E.1.

III.vi.4.C.5.h.  How to Request Loyalty and Service Data in the Same Case

If questions concerning loyalty and service are involved in the same case, prepare a separate VA Form 21-3101 for each request, and submit each via SAFE.
In the case of a living Veteran, do not routinely request loyalty data when the Armed Forces of the United States certify that the Veteran had recognized service as a “civilian guerrilla” only.  In the absence of evidence to the contrary, accept the certification of recognized guerrilla service as a determination of loyalty during the period of service shown.
Reference:  For more information on guerrilla service, see M21-1, Part III, Subpart vi, 4.B.4.

6.  Requesting Field Examinations for Philippine Cases and Handling Conflicting Information


Introduction

This topic contains information on field examinations, including

Change Date

May 11, 2018

III.vi.4.C.6.a.  When to Request a Field Examination for Philippine Cases

Request a field examination for
  • development of such issues as
    • service connection for cause of death
    • identity of the claimant
    • marital status
    • forfeiture
    • dependency, and/or
    • U.S. residency, citizenship, or permanent resident alien status, and
  • further development of the question of loyalty, if loyalty status is uncertain or it appears that potential fraud is involved.

III.vi.4.C.6.b. When a Field Examination Is Not Required for Philippine Cases

Do not request a field examination in Philippine cases to
  • investigate the facts of military service, such as to obtain evidence as to whether the alleged serviceperson was a Veteran within the meaning of laws administered by VA, or
  • secure any evidence that can be obtained by using the Personnel Information Exchange System (PIES) or transmitting VA Form 21-3101 via SAFE, including
    • type of service
    • period of service
    • interruptions in, and manner of termination of, military service
    • clinical records of U.S. or Philippine Army hospitals, and
    • arrears in pay claims.
Exceptions:  Request a field examination to
  • investigate the facts of military service only in special cases when the request is approved by the Veterans Service Center Manager (VSCM), Pension Management Center Manager (PMCM), or designee, or
  • secure evidence only if the VSCM/PMCM or designee finds that the required evidence cannot be secured by using PIES or transmitting VA Form 21-3101 via SAFE.

III.vi.4.C.6.c.  How to Handle Conflicting Information for Philippine Cases

Use the table below to determine how to handle conflicting information regarding service or date of death.
Important:  Do not apply the provisions described in the table below if evidence is received that alleges to establish civilian guerrilla service, because guerrilla rosters have been closed and will not be reopened.
If …
Then …
VA obtains information deemed reliable which conflicts with information obtained from the service department regarding
  • service
  • cause or date of death, or
  • circumstances of injury in service
bring the conflicting information to the attention of the U.S. Army Reserve Personnel Center for reconsideration at the following address:
U.S. Army Reserve Personnel Center (DARP-PAS-EAP)
9700 Page Boulevard
St. Louis, Missouri 63132
the service department makes a redetermination
the service department will furnish a statement on a supplemental PIES request indicating that the redetermination supersedes determinations previously submitted.
VA makes a finding of death which is not in agreement with that made by the service department for
  • pension
  • compensation, or
  • Dependency and Indemnity Compensation
send a letter to the U.S. Army Reserve Personnel Center (DARP-PAS-EAP) to notify them of
  • the date of death as determined by VA, and
  • the basis on which the determination was made.

7.  Handling Forfeiture of Benefits for Philippine Cases


Introduction

This topic contains information on how to handle forfeiture of benefits, including

Change Date

August 14, 2006

III.vi.4.C.7.a.  When a Loyalty Clearance Is Required

A loyalty clearance is always required in the following cases:
  • when forfeiture of benefits for treason may be declared under the provisions of 38 U.S.C. 6104, or
  • in connection with payments to persons formerly in enemy territory under38 U.S.C. 5308.
Reference:  For information on the procedure for forfeiture of benefits, see M21-1, Part III, Subpart vi, 5.B.

III.vi.4.C.7.b.  Handling Evidence of Membership in a Pro-Japanese Organizations

Evidence showing the Veteran’s or claimant’s membership in a pro-Japanese organization on or after December 7, 1941, is sufficient to justify submission for forfeiture consideration.

III.vi.4.C.7.c.  Handling Evidence of Derogatory Reports

Use the table below to handle evidence of derogatory reports containing the name of the Veteran or claimant.
If …
Then …
  • the name of the Veteran or claimant and the name appearing as the subject of a derogatory report are identical and not common in the Philippines, and
  • there is nothing of record to disassociate the Veteran or claimant from the subject
  • submit the claim to Compensation Service for forfeiture consideration, and
  • include the following statement: It appears the Veteran (or claimant) and the subject of the derogatory report are identical.
Reference: For more information on submitting a claim for forfeiture consideration, see M21-1, Part III, Subpart vi, 5.B.2.b.
  • the name is common in the Philippines, or
  • the similarity of names is only because the first name of the subject of the derogatory report is shown by an initial which corresponds to the first letter of the Veteran’s or claimant’s given name, and
  • there is no information of record which indicates the probability that the subject and the Veteran or claimant are one and the same
  • do not consider them as identical
  • endorse this fact on the report, and
  • have the report signed by a coach or supervisor.

III.vi.4.C.7.d.  Considering the Evidence of Record Before Accepting Derogatory Reports

Before accepting information contained in a derogatory report to make a determination, consider the following in the evidence of record for the Veteran or claimant:
  • age
  • place of birth
  • place of residence
  • sex
  • education
  • normal occupation
  • standing in the community, and
  • nationality.
Note:  Always consider matters of common knowledge, local customs, and other factors. If there is doubt, request a field examination to obtain further information.
Reference:  For information on how to request field examinations, see

Historical_M21-1III_vi_4_SecC_2-5-16.doc May 18, 2019 129 KB
Historical_M21-1III_vi_4_SecC_5-22-15.doc May 18, 2019 123 KB
Change-May-22-2015-Transmittal-Sheet-M21-1III_vi_4_SecC_TS.docx May 18, 2019 40 KB
3-13-19_Key-Changes_M21-1III_vi_4_SecC.docx May 18, 2019 54 KB
Transmittal-08_14_06.doc May 18, 2019 35 KB
Did this article answer your question?

Leave a Reply





Pin It on Pinterest

Share This